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Pharmacy history

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  • A pharmacy was founded by Bernardnardine monastic order in Polatsk.

     Second original pharmacopoeia was published in Russian

    Mogilev Medical School started the training of pharmacists

    Qualifications test was introduced for the top officials of “Aptekoupravlenie” (governmental agencies) to make sure they qualify for the job

    There was set up a unified computer program to account for medical supplies in Belarusian pharmacy depots

    Pharmaceutical manufacturing enterprise “Pharmtekhnologiya” was founded (Minsk)

    There was created Belarusian State Concern “Belbiopharm” for the production and marketing of pharmaceutical and microbiological products

    RUP “Grodno Pharmaceutical Drugs Factory” is created

    Law of the Republic of Belarus on “Medicines” is adopted

  • First pharmacy was opened in Belarus (Pinsk)

    First pharmacy was opened in Brest

  • First historical evidence for the pharmacy in Lida and Kletsk (now district centers in Grodno and Minsk regions)

  • Central pharmacies were set up in larger cities of Minsk Gubernia (Minsk, Bobruysk, etc.)

2017 years past

A pharmacy was founded by Bernardnardine monastic order in Polatsk.

 Second original pharmacopoeia was published in Russian

Mogilev Medical School started the training of pharmacists

Qualifications test was introduced for the top officials of “Aptekoupravlenie” (governmental agencies) to make sure they qualify for the job

There was set up a unified computer program to account for medical supplies in Belarusian pharmacy depots

Pharmaceutical manufacturing enterprise “Pharmtekhnologiya” was founded (Minsk)

There was created Belarusian State Concern “Belbiopharm” for the production and marketing of pharmaceutical and microbiological products

RUP “Grodno Pharmaceutical Drugs Factory” is created

Law of the Republic of Belarus on “Medicines” is adopted

450 years past

First pharmacy was opened in Belarus (Pinsk)

First pharmacy was opened in Brest

391 years past

First historical evidence for the pharmacy in Lida and Kletsk (now district centers in Grodno and Minsk regions)

96 years past

Central pharmacies were set up in larger cities of Minsk Gubernia (Minsk, Bobruysk, etc.)

  • the first pharmacy was opened in Belarus (Pinsk)
  • the first pharmacy was opened in Brest
  • first historical evidence for the pharmacy in Lida and Kletsk (now district centers in Grodno and Minsk regions)
  • a pharmacy was founded by Bernardnardine monastic order in Polatsk.
  • the second original pharmacopoeia was published in Russian
  • central pharmacies were set up in larger cities of Minsk Gubernia (Minsk, Bobruysk, etc.)
  • Mogilev Medical School started the training of pharmacists
  • qualifications test was introduced for the top officials of Aptekoupravlenie (governmental agencies) to make sure they qualify for the job
  • there was set up a unified computer program to account for medical supplies in Belarusian pharmacy depots
  • the pharmaceutical manufacturing enterprise Pharmtekhnologiya was founded (Minsk)
  • there was created Belarusian State Concern Belbiopharm for the production and marketing of pharmaceutical and microbiological products
  • RUP Grodno Pharmaceutical Drugs Factory is created
  • the law of the Republic of Belarus on Medicines is adopted
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95 years past

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94 years past

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76 years past

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Pharmacopeia. Materials from the Russian Pharmacopoeia of the first edition (1866)

 

The 55th anniversary of the founding of the Belarusian Scientific Society of Pharmacists



Pharmacopoeia

 

Pharmacopoeia is the most important guide for the manufacture, testing, storage and dispensing of medicines, i.e. it is an instrument of state control of the medicines quality.


Pharmacopoeia precursors were  ancient treatises of Dioscorides and "Conon"    of Ibn Sina, and in XVI-XVII centuries they were  antidotaries and dispensatorii.


The first state pharmacopoeia was published in Spain (1535). The appearance of  pharmacopoeia, on the one hand,  was a consequence of the development of European pharmacy trade, on the other - hand it stimulated this trade, turning it into a state affair.

In Russia the military pharmacopoeia was published at first (1765) and in 1778  the first official Russian State pharmacopoeia was published in Latin. It contained the  description of  770 medicines of mineral, vegetable and animal origin, as well as multicomponent  medicinal forms. In 1798  the 2nd edition of the  State Russian pharmacopoeia was  also published in Latin, which in 1802 was translated into Russian by the student of the Imperial Moscow University  Ivan Leontovichand was called " The Russian Pharmacopoeia."


The first Russian pharmacopoeia in Russian came out in 1866, the second - in 1871, the third - in 1880, the fourth - in 1891, the fifth - in 1902, the sixth - in 1910


The seventh edition  was  published in 1925 under the name of the State Pharmacopoeia, the eighth - in 1946 under the name of the State pharmacopoeia of the USSR, the ninth - in 1961, the tenth - in 1968, the eleventhth - in 1887 (issue 1) and 1990 (issue 2).


In connection with the gaining  of  independence by our country  the State Pharmacopoeia of the Republic of Belarus of the first edition came out (Volume 3 -. 2007, 2008, 2009), and since  January 1, 2013  the State pharmacopoeia of the Republic of Belarus of the second edition has been enforced (Volume 1).

Pharmacopeia. Materials from the Russian Pharmacopoeia of the first edition (1866)




The 55th anniversary of the founding of the Belarusian Scientific Society of Pharmacists


The Belarusian Scientific Society of Pharmacists (BelNOF) was established in June 1959 at the National Conference of pharmacists in Minsk. As early as at the beginning of this year  Minsk city society and five regional research pharmaceutical companies were formed , which were a part of BelNOF exercising their rights as branches.  The same year  the Faculty of Pharmacy at the Vitebsk Medical Institute  was opened (now University).



In accordance with the taken Articles BelNOF is a voluntary organization of  pharmaceutical workers engaged in research and practical work in the field of pharmacy.


The tasks of BelNOF are: the promotion of scientific development problems of the theory and pharmacy practice; providing scientific and methodical and practical help to the authorities, institutions and healthcare companies in the drug service improvement  for the population and the introduction of the latest achievements of pharmaceutical and medical sciences; development and submission to the Ministry of Health and health authorities in the field of proposals for the organization of pharmacy and drug services to the public and scientific work in the field of pharmacy; promotion of the achievements of pharmaceutical and medical science in the field of pharmacology and pharmaceutical among the general medical community and the public, and others.


BelNOF supreme authority was the Congress of Pharmacists (conference).  The BelNOF  activity guidance between congresses was conducted by the Board, and monitoring of its activities was conducted by  Audit Commission.


The first chairman was BelNOF Sergei G. Shamruk, who worked as Deputy Chief of the Ministry of Health of the BSSR pharmacy management (from 1971 to 1992 he was leading  the pharmacy service of Belarus).


In the following years  the board of BelNOF was led by: Yuriy Kolesnichenko (Candidate of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Head of the Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany of Vitebsk Medical Institute (1963 - 1967), Evdokia Antonovna Tukalo (Candidate of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Head of the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry of Vitebsk Medical Institute (1962 - 1979) Ivan Urvantsev (candidate of pharmaceutical Sciences, Associate professor, Head of the Department of Economics and organization of pharmaceutical business of the Belarusian Postgraduate medical Institute (1973 - 1983), Valeriy Filippovich Gorenkov (doctor of Pharmacy, professor, head of economics and organization of pharmaceutical business of the Belarusian Institute of Advanced medical  Studies )(1983 - 1992).






The terms of reference of the Board BelNOF also included the convening of national conventions, conferences society; the enforcement of decisions of All-Union Scientific Society of Pharmacists (VNOF) and other questions.


On January 1, 1960 the number of BelNOF members was 308, on July 1, 1970    there were 1558 people,  and on January 1,  1983 there were 2612 people.



 







 









 




During its existence BelNOF organized and held six congresses of pharmacists. The  materials of    each Congress are isuued and they are stored  in the office of pharmacy history. Information about the national conventions is stated in the book "Pharmacy of Belarus of the XX century (authors V.F. Gorenkov, S.V. Gorenkov).


BelNOF worked closely with VNOF ( it was founded in 1949). The board  of VNOF which was elected in March 1959  by the 2nd All-Union Conference of pharmacists,  included representatives of the BSSR (I.F. Urvantsev - Head GAPU BSSR Ministry of Health, K.S. Shadurski - Professor, Head of the Department of Pharmacology of the Minsk Medical Institute, in the auditing committee – V.I. Popov - professor of pharmacognosy of Mogilev medical school). At this conference V.I. Popov spoke as a member of the Mogilev regional JVP with the report "Experiments on the culture of medicinal plants at the nursery of the Mogilev medical school" (1959).


In the future, the board and the auditing committee was updated with new members.





On the first All-Union Congress of Pharmacists (Pyatigorsk, 1967) the members of BelNOF V.F. Gorenkov and A.T. Horonko told colleagues about the study of ambulatory formulation of BSSR pharmacies  and E.A. Tukalo and G.N. Tsarik told them about the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the steroid aglycone glycoalkaloids.








On the second congress (Riga, 1974) BelNOF  four reports were already presented: about the  experience of the implementation of mechanized calculation movement of medicines in the pharmaceutical institutions of the BSSR (S.G. Shamruk,  V.N. Korol, G.V.Pashkova ); the analysis of the main economic indicators in some drug stores  of BSSR (K.I. Shkopets, V.F.    Gorenkov, L.N.Smorygo ); the further development of the organization of medicinal maintenance of the rural population in Belarus (S.G. Shamruk); medical provision of  inpatients of Minsk region (V.F. Gorenkov, I.F. Urvantsev, A.H. Gariev).





The members of BelNOF participated in other conventions (including the Union republics), as well as in the all-union meetings, national sessions, scientific conferences,  VNOF  plenary sessions (Tashkent, 1969 Novosibirsk, 1973; Gorkij, 1982, Dnepropetrovsk, 1985 and so on ).



The delegation of the Belarusian Scientific Society of Pharmacists at the IV Plenary Meeting of the All-Union Society of Pharmacists in Dnipropetrovsk ( June 18-20 1985)


BelNOF conducted several national conferences and plenary sessions of the Board with the participation of colleagues from GAPU USSR Ministry of Health and VNOF.


In the autumn of 1990 on the basis of  the  Belarusian Institute of Advanced Medical Union  an educational conference "The problems of planning and organization of postgraduate training of pharmacists" was held. At the conference   the lecturers of the   Pharmacy faculty of the Belarusian Institute of Advanced Medical V.F. Gorenkov, G.V. Godovalnikov, L.I. Pogodin, A.V. Vavilova, S.I. Borisevich also spoke.



The results of the congresses, conferences and plenums allowed to identify the most promising and urgent problems of pharmaceutical science and practice, formulate priorities, the solution of which  was necessary for further improvement of the quality of drug services to the population and medical institutions.


The driving force BelNOF and  the generator of scientific ideas were scientists  A.I. Bondarenko, V.F. Gorenkov, V.I. Ischenko, O.I. Kostyuchenko, V.A. Kulikov Y.V. Vole, VV.I. Popov, E.I. Rzheussky, V.I. Senchilo, E.A. Toucan, A.T. Horonko, G.N. Tsarik, I.F. Urvantsev, V.L. Sheluto, E.G. Elyashevich, V.G. Yakutovich, V.K. Yaschenko and others. Scientists and members of BelNOF constantly published materials, first of all, on the problems of the various disciplines of pharmacy. Their research used in the preparation of a number of Ministry of Health of the BSSR orders.


A significant role in the ongoing work BelNOF belonged to territorial scientific societies of pharmacists, who were represented mainly by pharmacists of practical pharmacy. Scientific societies  actively participated in the development of network development plans and in prioritizing of the opening of pharmacies; in the study of the extemporaneous formulation and implementation of common formulations in the inner pharmacy workpiece; in the study of new drugs and their introduction into clinical practice; in the development of criteria and conditions of socialist competition, brigade forms of work, elements of scientific organization of labor and the use of them in pharmacies; to automate labor-intensive processes; to organize the contests of professional skills, and others.


Holding of readers' conferences for magazines "Pharmaceutical Business" (later "Pharmacy"), "Pharmaceutical business" was widely used.


Minsk city and regional JVP also conducted scientific conferences in the field.



Active members of the  territorial JVP were  V.V. Akimova (Vitebsk), NN.F.  Alekseenko (Mogilev). V.I.. Alshevsky (Minsk), S.V. Beluga (Grodno), V.I. Bunimovich (Grodno), T.F. Veres (Baranavichy, Brest region), O.L. Gavrilova (Minsk), N.P. Gais (Mogilev), L.M. Grinkova (Minsk), G.V. Datsenko (Pruzhany, Brest region), N.S. Dzik (Vitebsk), P.G. Dichenkova (Gomel), L.G. Dobryanskaya (Mogilev), N.D. Dyatlov (Slavgorod, Gomel region), V.S. Kolossovsky (Minsk), T.A. Kononkova ( Krasnopole, Mogilev region), V.N. King (Brest), O.A. Korostelyova (Brest), G.S. Kostyukovich (Volkovysk, Grodno oblast), E.A. Lavrov (Borisov, Minsk region), G.I. Lapysh (Grodno), N.P. Lobotsky (Minsk), O.M. Lovchinovsky (Vitebsk), A.K. Mazur (Zhlobin, Gomel region), G.M. Mironov (Minsk), T.I. Mironov (Mogilev), I.S. Novik (Minsk), G.M. Petrishchev (Grodno), L.V. Polyakova (Minsk), N.N. Rondarevich (Vitebsk), V.G. Sergeichik (Mogilev), A..A Tehneryadova (Lida, Grodno oblast), S.V. Trifonova (Minsk), T.G. Fedorenko (Gomel), N.E. Chichuk (Minsk), M.G. Shalaev (Minsk), S.G. Shamruk (Minsk), Y.N. Swede (Minsk), K.I. Shkopets (Vitebsk), V..F. Shumsky (Mogilev) and others.


After the collapse of the Soviet Union the activity of VNOF and BNOF ceased activity. In 1998, the Belarus Pharmacists Association was formed,  Gennady Godovalnikov was elected as the president (Director of State Enterprise "National Centre for Expertise and Testing in Healthcare", Candidate of Pharmaceutical Sciences).


On January 19, 2000  Belarusian Association of pharmaceutical workers  was registered(instead of the Belarusian Association of Pharmacists) in order to align the name of the public association in accordance with the current legislation. The Chairman of the Board was Vladimir Ivanov Ishchenko (Dean of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Vitebsk Medical Institute from 1969 to 1996, Doctor of Pharmacy , Professor).


At the end of 2006 changes and additions  were included to the charter of the public association and in accordance with established procedure it was registered as a republican public association of pharmaceutical workers "PHARMABEL". M.G. Shalaev was elected as the Chairman of the Board of the ROOFR "PHARMABEL"  (Director General of RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA from 1998 to 2008), and in September 2010  V.F. Sosonkin was elected (the leading specialist  of RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA", he previously headed the pharmacy service of the Brest region). The work of the public association is systematically reported on the site of RUP "BELFAPHMATSIYA» pharma.by, «FARMABEL" section.


 

The cabinet of history of pharmacy (pharmacy 88 RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA" Minsk)


The history corner of the pharmacy in the central pharmacy 17 of Rogachiov District, Gomel RUP "Pharmacy"

The exposition on the pharmacy history on the basis of the pharmacy number 21 Baranovichi Brest RUP "Pharmacy"

 

 

The pharmacy history cabinet



In May 2015 it was five years since the establishment of the office of pharmacy history. Its opening was timed to the 80th anniversary of the  Belpharmacy management as a unified system of management of the pharmacy services of Belarus and organization of drug supply.


The Cabinet is situated in the pharmacy of the second category number  8 RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA" in the Trinity suburb (Minsk, st. Storozhevskaya, 3). The pharmacy building is included in the register of the Republic of Belarus of historical and cultural values.


:

  • studying and promoting the history of pharmacy practice in Belarus;
  • upbringing of the feeling of importance of the profession and the  sense of pride for  it in young specialists;
  • participation in the activities of the ideological work at the enterprise.

The total office area is 72.5 sq. m. The cabinet consists of 4 rooms: the cabinet  t of the head of the pharmacy, shopping halls,   the assistant room (decorated in the style of the twentieth century.) and  the training room.





The pharmaceutical collection of the office includes more than 800 units of pharmacy items and 340 books.

During 2013 the office received 139 new and extremely valuable exhibits, most of which were  given  by G.V. Godovalnikova and A.A. Sheryakovym free of charge. The office has 32 pharmaceutical books  of the XIX - early XX century, including the pharmacopoeia of the Russian Empire of the first edition (1866), the fourth (1891), the fifth (1902),  the sixth edition (1910); the pharmaceutical index of A. Bergholz (1882); the guide to the pharmaceutical, medical and chemical practice  of H.Hager in 5 volumes (1889 - 1895); the  guide to the qualitative chemical analysis by F. Beilstein (1873); the guide to pharmacognosy by J. Trapp (1869) and others.



In 2013 the  funds of the cabinet of funds were enriched with one mortar the diameter  of which is 60 cm. Now there 11 mortars in the cabinet, the smallest of which is   homeopathic  and her  diameter is only 1.5 cm.



In the training room  there is a map of  the Republic of Belarus  on which settlements   where private pharmacies in 1914 functioned, as well as the presence of drugstores nowadays are marked.The number of currently existing pharmacies (retail, hospital), pharmaceutical warehouses and industrial enterprises is stated  regardless of the form of ownership in section of each region and Minsk.



The cabinet is not a tourist attraction, as the first floor of pharmacy 88. The   cabinet is  intended for health care professionals.

In the training room  thematic  showcases dedicated to the anniversaries of the birth of the organizers of the pharmaceutical business, who made a significant contribution to the development of pharmacy services of Belarus, Victory Day, etc. are regularly organized.


In this room  there are also 17 photo albums and videos, which reflect the development of domestic pharmacy in the past and in the present. On the basis of the cabinet  classes on the  pharmacy history of Belarus  are held  with the pharmacy students of educational institutions of pharmaceutical profile, extending the practice of enterprise-based pharmacies,  the students  of refresher courses, etc.




During the period of  the office functioning it was visited by 1,300 people. Among them  there are visitors from other countries - MD, Associate Professor,  the Institute of   Riga Pharmacy History  of  Stradynia  Maya Pozemkovska; the head of the department of herbal medicine of the Russian  University of People's Friendship, Doctor of Medical Sciences, the Academy of Natural Sciences V.F. Korsun, the students of the 4th course of the pharmacy faculty of Poznan Medical University and others.



They love to visit the office of the pharmaceutical service The veterans  of the pharmaceutical service of Belarus Gavrilova O.L., Deshiovaja T.G., Kostyuchenko O.I.,   Solovej V.I., Mironova G.M. and others also love to visit the office. The history  pharmacy office was twice visited  by Dombrowa T.V., now living in the United States. All veterans gave to the office  valuable historical books and pharmacy items free of charge.


On  25 May 2013 on the basis of the  pharmacy history office there was a meeting of the  graduates from Belarus who graduated from the  Leningrad Chemical-Pharmaceutical Institute 50 years ago(now St. Petersburg Chemical-Pharmaceutical Academy).

To the anniversary meeting from different parts of Belarus  12 pharmacists of 34  arrived.Unfortunately, some are dead, and others were unable to attend for good reasons.

 

On June 1 2013 the pharmacy history office was visited by the  delegation consisting of the rector of the St. Petersburg chemical and pharmaceutical academy, doctor of pharmaceutical sciences, professor Narkevich I.A., the chief of a pharmaceutical company in Bishkek (Kirgizia) Hudayberdiev T.M.,  the dean of the pharmacy faculty of the Belarusian State Medical University, Professor Gurina N.S. and director general of RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA" Kovalchuk I.E.

The leading specialist of  the organizational department of pharmaceutical  department of RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA" Sosonkina V.F. acquainted with the exhibits of the history office, which have been collected  for many years with love by pharmacists and druggists from all the corners of Belarus, gave some interesting facts from the history of pharmaceutical education and pharmacy business in Belarus and Russia.

Guests watched albums with photos from different periods, including  the album of graduates of the Leningrad Chemical-Pharmaceutical Institute, 1963. (Now St. Petersburg Chemical-Pharmaceutical Academy). In honor of the 50th anniversary of graduating  the pharmacists of Belarus published a booklet in which  photos of student days and labor activity in the pharmacies of Belarus are published. At the request of colleagues  the booklet  was handed to Narkevich I.A., who is from Gomel. As a keepsake visitors were presented the  booklet on the history of the pharmacy study , books and other reference material about the development of the pharmaceutical service in the Republic of Belarus.



On October 3, 2013 the office of pharmacy history  was visited by  the members of the Eurasian Economic Commission of Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus.


 

RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA" cooperates with many medical educational institutions of the Republic of Belarus.

    On February 21, 2014 the faculty of the department of clinical pharmacology of the Minsk State Medical University, headed by  Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences  Khapalyuk   A.V. acquainted with the organization of the pharmacy number 88 RUP "BELPHARMATSIYA"  of  the drug provision of the population and visited the office of pharmacy history.